Atella is a very ancient centre, repopulated several times throughout history by people from surrounding areas. In the 14th century, John of Anjou wanted to refound and re-organise Atella, as well as encourage its expansion, particularly with people from Monticchio, Sant'Andrea, Agromonte and Lagopesole, making it one of the most significant economic and military centres in the region.


Capital of the Norman kingdom, Melfi is the Frederician city par excellence, having played a particularly pivotal political role at the time of Emperor Frederick II of Swabia. Some historical references suggest that the name Melfi derives from the presence of the Melfia stream, a significant waterway also due to the many archaeological finds (in particular tombs and settlements from different periods).


The village of Ripacandida seems to have developed after the Gothic invasion of 'Candida Latinotum', whose inhabitants took refuge in the area where the village now stands, and gave the village its name. According to some experts, however, the name comes from the white-coloured hill on which it stands. The present town centre is situated partly on a settlement frequented from the VII to the IV century B.C..

Ruvo del Monte

On the border with Campania, Ruvo del Monte was in the past a major hub linking the neighbouring region with the hinterland of Basilicata. It has therefore witnessed the passage of numerous civilisations that have succeeded one another over time. The settlement was probably founded by the Samnites under the name of Rufrae, although the first document mentioning the town as Ruvo dates back to 1045.

San Fele

The origins of San Fele date back to around the year 1000, when Otto I of Saxony ordered the construction of a fortress castle in this area to guard against possible sieges by the Byzantines. Around a century later, the first settlements began to spring up around the castle; the district that developed along the slopes of Monte Castello was renamed 'Rione Costa'.

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